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The Digestive System

Function of Organs

Home | Organs That Make up the System | Function of Organs | How the System Functions Works Within the Body | Diagrams/Illustrations | Disorders | References

Anus- The end of the digestive system where the waste is released (butt)


Appendix- Sack on the cecum that develops embryologically


Acending colon- Part of the large intestine that is after the cecum and runs in an upward motion.


Bile- (Not an organ, chemical) produced in the liver, helps the process in digestion break down.


Cecum- Pouch connected to the ascending colon, considered the first part of the large intestine.


Chyme-(not an organ, partly digested food in the stomach) The Chyme goes through small intestine for further digestion


Dscending Colon- Part of the large intestine that runs in a downward motion.


Duodenum- A C-shaped organ that runs from the stomach and runs to the jejunum. It is the first part of the small intestine.


Epiglottis- A flap behind the tongue so that while eating food, it doesn't fall through into the wind pipe. It automatically closes when you eat and drink, but opens when you breath.


Esophagus- The Esophagus is a long tube between the mouth and the stomach. This organ forces food into the stomach from the throat.


Gall Bladder- Small sack-like organ located which stores and releases bille into the small intestine.


Ilieum- This is the last part of the small intestine.


Jejunum- A long coiled middle spot of the small intestine.


Liver- A very large organ located all around the stomach. This organ filters various toxins from the blood and produces bile and blood proteins. 


Mouth- An entry part for the digestive system where the food first enters the body. Breaking down of food starts here.


Pancreas- This organ is an enzyme-producing gland which is located below the stomach. The enzymes produced in the Pancreas help digestion of carbs, fats, and proteins located in the small intestine.


Peristalsis- This is not an organ but it is the way the muscle moves in the body, forcing food into the stomach from the throat.


Rectum- This is the lower part of the large intestine where the waste is stored until it is ready for being excreted.


Salivary Glands- This is a gland located in the mouth that produces saliva. It contains enzymes which break down starch into smaller, more easily manageable molecules.


Sigmoid Colon- Part of the large intestine between the colon and rectum.


Stomach- A sack-like organ attached to the esophagus. This is where both chemical and mechanical digestion takes place. Food enters the stomach and is churned with acids and enzymes.


Transverse colon- A colon that is part of the large intestine running across the abdomen.


The Digestive System- Tony Raviele & Kyle Baker